Purpose of the flight and payload description
SAOZ is a UV-visible spectrometer able to provide vertical profiles of O3, NO2, OClO, BrO and H2O by solar occultation during ascent of the balloon (or descent) and from float at 30 km during sunset (or sunrise). The balloon version of the SAOZ instrument is very similar to the one used for ground-based measurements of total ozone and NO2.
It is composed by a commercial flat field, 360mm, holographic grating spectrometer equipped with a 1024-diode linear array and an entrance slit of 50 µm. A simple conical mirror replaces the gondola orientation or sun tracker systems generally used on large balloon platforms and is driven by an on-board computer, connected to a PTU (Pressure, Temperature and Humidity) sensor, a GPS (Global Positioning system ) for the localisation (Altitude, latitude and longitude) and an Argos transmitter for the recovery of the payload after cut-down and descent under parachute.
At left can be seen a picture of the standard package. The weight of the instrument is about 20 Kg and is contained in a insulated box with only a small aperture in the top for capture the solar rays. It's currently flown in three configurations, SaOZ-Standard, SAOZ-BrO and SAOZ-H2O each tuned to a different wavelength for measurements of different atmospheric constituents.
Details of the balloon flight
Balloon launched on: 3/16/2003 at 14:49
Launch site: European Space Range, Kiruna, Sweden
Balloon launched by: Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES)
Balloon manufacturer/size/composition: Zero Pressure Balloon
- Balloon-borne stratospheric BrO measurements: comparison with Envisat/SCIAMACHY BrO limb profiles Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 2483-2501, 2006
- List of balloons launched from ESRANGE Swedish Space Corporation website
- Overview of SCIAMACHY validation: 2002-2004 Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 127-148, 2006
- Retrieval of stratospheric O3 and NO2 profiles from Odin Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager System (OSIRIS) limb-scattered sunlight measurements Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Volume 109, Issue D16
- SAOZ balloon profiles for the validation of OSIRIS, SCIAMACHY and GOMOS at various latitudes 17th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, 30 May - 2 June 2005, Sandefjord, Norway
- The Validation of the Envisat Chemistry Instruments by Use of Stratospheric Balloons and Aircraft ENVISAT Validation Workshop (ESA SP-531). 9-13 December, Frascati, Italy
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