Purpose of the flight and payload description
The X-ray detector consisted of a pair of scintillation counters which pointed in opposite azimuthal directions with an elevation angle of 55º, as we can see in the scheme at left. The azimuthal direction of the balloon gondola was controlled in such a way that one of the two counters alternately pointed at Sco X-l, while the other measured the background counts, by means of a servo-controlled line twister. The gondola was rotated by 180º about the vertical axis once every 12 min. A horizontal magnetometer on board was slowly rotated with respect to the gondola frame of reference by a clock so that the azimuth of one of the counter telescopes was kept pointing at the direction of Sco X-1.
Each scintillation counter consisted of a Nal(Tl) crystal of 100 x 100 x 3 mm3 viewed through a plastic scintillator by a photomultiplier tube RCA 8054 of 3" diameter. The plastic scintillator played the dual role of being a light guide and a guard counter. The Nal pulses were distinguished from the plastic scintillator pulses using rise time discrimination technique.
A slat collimator composed of tin plates of 1 mm thickness was put on top of the counter. The field of view thus defined was 15.5º (FWHM) in azimuth and 19.5º (FWHM) in elevation. The counter was calibrated in flight using a radioactive source Americium 241 which irradiated the counters once every 12 min during the rotation of the counter system.
The two counters, were operated by a common high voltage supply which was regulated to better than 0.1% under the balloon environment. The coincidences between these counters were rejected as shower events.
The events recorded by the counters were digitized and along with analog data of the onboard magnetometer and barometer were transmitted to the ground with a main carrier wave of 145 MHz.
Details of the balloon flight
Balloon launched on: 5/1/1971 at 18:30 utc
Launch site: TIFR National Balloon Facility, Hyderabad, India
Balloon launched by: National Balloon Facility, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Balloon manufacturer/size/composition: Zero Pressure Balloon Winzen Stratofilm - 83.200 m3
Flight identification number: 234
End of flight (L for landing time, W for last contact, otherwise termination time): 5/1/1971 at 21:59 utc
Balloon flight duration (F: time at float only, otherwise total flight time in d:days / h:hours or m:minutes - ): F 3 h 30 m
Payload weight: 81 kgs
Overall weight: 295 kgs
- Balloon Flight Report 1969 -2003 TIFR website (via Archive.Org)
- Further simultaneous hard X-ray and optical observations of Sco X-1 Nature, Volume 250, Issue 5461, pp. 38-40 (1974)
- Simultaneous Hard X-ray and Optical Observations of Sco X-1 Nature Physical Science, Volume 236, Issue 65, pp. 53-55 (1972)
- Time Variations of Hard X-Rays from Sco X-1 Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp.472
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